BEVs vs. PHEVs: Understanding the Types of Electric Vehicles | Electric Motors, Dual Powertrain

Electric vehicles (EVs) are becoming increasingly popular as people look for more sustainable transportation options. There are two main types of electric vehicles: Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) and Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs). In this blog post, we will explore the differences between these two types of EVs and their unique features.

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)

Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are pure electric vehicles that rely solely on electric motors for propulsion. They do not have an internal combustion engine (ICE) and are powered by rechargeable batteries. BEVs are also known as all-electric vehicles.

BEVs have a range of up to 300 miles on a single charge, making them ideal for daily commutes and long-distance travel. They are also more eco-friendly than traditional gasoline-powered vehicles as they emit zero emissions. BEVs are also cheaper to maintain as they have fewer moving parts than ICE vehicles.

One of the main drawbacks of BEVs is their charging time. It can take several hours to fully charge a BEV, which can be inconvenient for some drivers. However, with the increasing availability of fast-charging stations, this is becoming less of an issue.

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)

Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) are dual powertrain vehicles that have both an electric motor and an ICE. PHEVs can run on electric power alone, ICE power alone, or a combination of both. They have a smaller battery pack than BEVs, which means they have a shorter electric-only range.

PHEVs are ideal for drivers who want the benefits of an electric vehicle but are not ready to make the switch to a pure electric vehicle. They have a range of up to 50 miles on electric power alone, making them perfect for short commutes and city driving. PHEVs also have a backup ICE, which means they can be used for long-distance travel without worrying about range anxiety.

One of the main advantages of PHEVs is their flexibility. They can be charged using a standard household outlet or a fast-charging station. This means that drivers can choose how they want to charge their vehicle based on their needs.

Electric Motors

Both BEVs and PHEVs use electric motors for propulsion. Electric motors are more efficient than ICEs as they convert more energy into motion. They also have fewer moving parts, which means they require less maintenance.

Electric motors provide instant torque, which means that EVs can accelerate quickly. This is especially true for BEVs, which have larger battery packs and more powerful electric motors.

Dual Powertrain

PHEVs have a dual powertrain, which means they can switch between electric power and ICE power. This makes them more versatile than BEVs, which rely solely on electric power.

PHEVs can be used for long-distance travel without worrying about range anxiety. They also have a backup ICE, which means they can be used in areas where charging infrastructure is limited.


In conclusion, BEVs and PHEVs are two types of electric vehicles that offer different benefits and drawbacks. BEVs are pure electric vehicles that rely solely on electric power, while PHEVs have a dual powertrain that allows them to switch between electric power and ICE power.

Both types of EVs use electric motors for propulsion, which makes them more efficient and eco-friendly than traditional ICE vehicles. However, they have different ranges and charging times, which means that drivers need to choose the type of EV that best suits their needs.

Ultimately, the choice between a BEV and a PHEV comes down to personal preference and driving habits. If you have a short commute and want to reduce your carbon footprint, a BEV may be the best choice for you. If you need a vehicle that can be used for long-distance travel, a PHEV may be a better option.